WHAT IS MICROCONTROLLER

Microcontroller is a single chip microcomputer made through VLSI fabrication.

It is a small computer on a single integrated circuit commonly known as IC. In modern terminology, it is a system on a chip (SoC).

A microcontroller contains one or more than one CPUs (processor cores, you may heard as dual or quad or octal core) along with programmable input/ output peripherals and memory.

First Microcontroller TMS1802
First Microcontroller TMS1802

WHEN MICROCONTROLLER CAME INTO EXIST

It was during 1970 and 1971 when Intel was working on inventing the world’s first microprocessor, that Gary Boone of Texas Instruments was working on quite a similar concept and invented the microcontroller.

HOW MICROCONTROLLER WORKS IN EMBEDDED SYSTEM

The MCU integrates (combines) a CPU (central processing unit), some memory in the form of registers, and some other circuitry that implements peripheral functionalities.

We can say that the CPU does “think”, the memory “stores” the relevant information, and the peripheral functions implement the nervous system that are; the inputs (seeing, hearing, feeling) and the responses (outputs) (hand and foot movements, etc.).

But when we say that the CPU “thinks,” we actually do not mean that it has consciousness, or it is capable of pursuing an independent line of thought. Truly, its operation is totally determined by a program (an ordered sequence of instructions), stored in memory. The CPU basically reads and executes (perform or implements) these instructions in the predetermined order.

There is no instruction that can tell the machine to “walk” or to “talk,” but we can only manipulate or computes the logics for example. A usual instruction tell the CPU to “read data or information from address XXX in memory,” or “write data to memory address YYY,” or “add” or “multiply” two values, and so on.

ARCHITECTURE


In this block diagram, you came to know internal structure of MCU

Microcontroller Architecture
Architecture of Microcontroller

 

Unlike microprocessor, microcontroller have inbuilt memory like Ram and Rom available on same Chip or IC.

Also read: Difference between Microcontroller and Microprocessor

Now it is too important to know, how could you implement embedded system in real time application.

  • Can embedded system solve the society problem ?
  • Can embedded system solve the agriculture problem ?
  • Can embedded system solve the kitchen problem ?
  • Can embedded system solve the hospital problem ?
  • Can embedded system solve industrial problem ?
  • Can embedded system solve Defence problem ?
THE ANSWER IS YES

Embedded system technology not only solves problem but it gives reliable and strong solution.

This technology helps you to designed own cost-effective product with broad application.

As electronics hardware becomes robust and cost effective, embedded system expands its footprint in various devices & areas such as transportation, consumer electronics, medicine, and manufacturing etc.


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