5V POWER SUPPLY

We learned earlier about all components we are going to use in making 5V power supply like transformer, bridge rectifier, capacitor, voltage regulator 7805. Now let’ see how to create a 5 V power supply

5V POWER SUPPLY

This is the circuit we want to make for 5 V power supply, but before making this let understand each part and working in steps below

5V Power Supply circuit
Power Supply Circuit

TRANSFORMER 5V 2A

Transformer is an electrical device. It converts alternating current (AC) from one voltage to another without change in frequency. Transformers are of two types one is step up and other is step down. 

We are using step down transformer, Select transformer of rating “5 V, 2 A” which help us to step down the voltage from 230 V AC to 5 V DC

BRIDGE RECTIFIER

Rectifier is a device which converts alternating current (AC) into direct current (DC). The component used to convert AC signal to DC signal we know it very well! Yes your guess is right, Diode.

Then use a bridge rectifier which converts AC signal to DC signal. But you can see this is not a proper DC signal.

Full wave rectified wave

ELECTROLYTIC CAPACITOR

capacitor is a passive two-terminal electronic component that temporarily stores electrical energy. This improves battery life as well. Capacitor is also used for filtration of signals.

Next use an electrolytic capacitor “C1” of 470 uF, to filter signal, which makes this output curve smoother somehow like this.

Capacitor filtration in power supply

CERAMIC CAPACITOR

Then the ceramic capacitor “C2” of 0.01uF is used to make the curve more smoother

capacitor filtration in power supply

VOLTAGE REGULATOR 7805

Voltage Regulator ICs are designed to maintain a constant voltage level. When a consistent, steady, stable voltage is needed, then voltage regulator is the preferred device. Voltage regulator 7805 gives 5 V at output.

Then we are using voltage regulator 7805 for constant voltage of 5V

AGAIN CERAMIC CAPACITOR

Then again we are using ceramic capacitor “C3” of 0.01 uF which makes it almost perfect DC signal with smooth curve as output. And we are able to get 5 V DC supply across the output terminals

OUTPUT DC WAVE
OUTPUT

 


NEXT YOU CAN START WITH ARDUINO 


PREVIOUS POST
LOGIC GATES USING TRANSISTOR


 

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viplav anand
viplav anand
3 years ago

Nice. This diagram is really simple to understand.

Devendra singh chouhan
Devendra singh chouhan
2 years ago

Osam simple diagram and working

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