HISTORY OF MODERN ELECTRICITY

In this section you will get to know History of modern electricity, which include scientist name and their contribution in electricity generation.

WHO INVENTED OR DEVELOP ALTERNATING CURRENT?

Here we will see the some great inventions in the field of modern electricity done by brilliant brains we call them Scientist, Researchers, Developers etc.

Modern electricity
Nikola Tesla. Who develops AC Power system

Nikola Tesla (1856–1943) first develops the alternating current power system most of us use today. Even so, Thomas Edison (1846–1931), is still popularly remembered as the inventor who gave the world electric power.

  • In 600 BCE, static electricity was discovered by Greek philosopher Thales of Miletus (c.624–546 BCE).
  • In 1600 CE, the first person to use the word “electricity” was an English scientist William Gilbert (1544–1603).
  • In 1733, there were two different kinds of static electric charge was found by French scientist Charles du Fay (1698–1739).
  • In 1752, scientist Benjamin Franklin (1706–1790) carried out further experiments and named the two kinds of electric charge “positive” and “negative.”
  • In 1780, Italian biologist Luigi Galvani (1737–1798) experiment led him to believe electricity is made inside animals’ bodies. He touched two pieces of metal to a dead frog’s leg and made it jump.
  • In 1785, the mysteries of electric fields, the electrically active areas around electric charges explored by French scientist Charles Augustin de Coulomb (1736–1806):
  • In 1800, Galvani’s friends, named Alessandro Volta (1745–1827) was an Italian physics professor, pioneer of electricity and power, realized “animal electricity” was made by the metals Galvani had used.
    After more research, he found out how to make electricity by joining different metals together and
    was credited as the inventor of electrical batteries and discoverer of methane.
    And from then modern electricity takes its place.
  • In 1827, German physicist Georg Ohm (1789–1854) developed the idea of resistance by observing some materials carry electricity better than others.
  • In 1820, Danish physicist Hans Christian Oersted (1777–1851) discovered that electricity can make magnetism by putting a compass near an electric cable.
  • In 1821, A French physicist Andre-Marie Ampère (1775–1836) put two electric cables near to each other and applies electric power, and observed one cable pushing another. This shows electricity and magnetism are working together to make a force.
  • In 1821, the first primitive electric motor was developed by an English chemist and physicist Michael Faraday (1791–1867)
  • In 1831, Michael Faraday invented the electric generator.
  • In 1840, electricity is a kind of energy was proved by Scottish physicist James Prescott Joule (1818–1889).
  • In 1870s, the first large-scale electric generator was made by a Belgian engineer Zénobe Gramme (1826–1901).
  • In 1873, theory of electromagnetism (how electricity and magnetism work together) was given by British physicist James Clerk Maxwell (1831–1879).
  • In 1881, the world’s first experimental electric power plant opened in Godalming, England.
  • In 1882, the first large-scale electric power plant was built by Thomas Edison (1846–1931) in the USA.
  • In 1890s, Edison’s former employee Nikola Tesla (1856–1943) promoted alternating current (AC) electricity, which is a rivalry to the direct current (DC) system promoted by Edison. Both are the part of our modern electricity.
    Tesla & Edison battled for supremacy, although Edison is remembered as the pioneer of electric power, it was Tesla’s AC system that ultimately succeeds.

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