Difference between Microcontroller and Microprocessor

Difference between the Microcontroller and Microprocessor is given in the table below. Which includes Memory, Processing capability, Application areas etc.

Must read all key points till the end of the topic to understand it properly.

Microcontroller vs Microprocessor




1.        Microcontrollers have RAM, ROM, EEPROM embedded in it. That’s why it does not need any external circuits to perform its task. However, Microprocessors have to use external circuits as it does not have RAM, ROM and other peripherals.
2.      Microcontrollers are based on Harvard architecture where program memory and data memory are separate Microprocessors are based on von Neumann model where program & data are stored in same memory module.
3.      Processing or clock speed of microcontrollers is around 8 MHz to 50 MHz. Actually depends on series of microcontroller, but mostly crystal oscillator of 16MHz is used. Processing or clock speed of general microprocessors is above 1 GHz so it works much faster than microcontrollers.
4.      Microcontrollers are far cheaper than microprocessors While cost of systems made with microprocessors are high
5.      Examples of popular microcontrollers are 8051, AVR, PIC series of mc. Some examples of microprocessor are Pentium series, Intel core i3, i5, i7 etc.
6.      Microcontrollers are used for specific purpose application. Like Robots, Sensors, Motors, Washing Machine etc. While Micro-processor are used for general purpose applications. Like games, Software, App etc.
7.      Microcontrollers are dedicated to work means we can see microcontroller based devices work after several years with same speed. Microprocessor are not highly dedicated means microprocessor based device like computer after few years takes time to process, even it do complete it task but take more time.

Here is end of difference between the Microcontroller and Microprocessor.

Also Read: What is Microcontroller? When microcontroller came before or after microprocessor?

Also Read: What is Microprocesor? When it came into exists?

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